Enright and the Human Development Study Group [ 20 ] developed one of the most comprehensive models of interpersonal forgiveness and to date it is the only forgiveness model that has been tested successfully with one-on-one interventions between the intervener and the participant [ 19 ] and the one that focuses on abused women. Thus, a survivor of any type of abuse would not be encouraged to forgive her abuser until she was safe and removed from the abusive environment [ 6 ]. Gain scores from pretest to post-test on all dependent variables for the two treatment groups were analyzed using matched-pair t-tests. Some people criticize forgiveness because they think that advocating forgiveness leads to further abuse or hurt. This mental health professional as well as the care manager and primary physician can all support the client during her journey toward forgiveness. This research was the first study to empirically examine the role of forgiveness as a treatment for incest survivors and the first to identify a relationship between forgiving and improved psychological health [ 3 ]. This includes exploring what forgiveness is and is not. At the time of this study, the model included 17 units rather than
Prior to reviewing this research, the definition of forgiveness as discussed in the literature will be given as well as briefly describing the model of forgiveness used in the research studies reviewed. What is unique about this study is that the FM intervention participants completed weekly quizzes to assess their understanding of the readings and both the FM and forgiveness intervention participants completed final tests in FM and forgiveness. Participants were all volunteers recruited from newspaper advertisements as well as flyers and mass e-mails. Oxford University Press pp: This forgiveness is not pardon, for I do not excuse his behavior or pretend it never occurred. The forgiver also realizes that as she gives the gift of forgiveness to the offender, she is healed as experienced by decreased negative feelings and thoughts towards the offender and perhaps, increased positive feelings and thoughts toward the offender. Forgiveness Therapy with Emotionally-Abused Women In a similar study Reed and Enright [ 6 ] examined the use of forgiveness therapy on depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress with women who experienced spousal emotional abuse and compared it to an active control group who received a different treatment. Participants in both groups received a treatment manual that included a protocol on FT or the AT. Forgiveness also can be more simply defined as a decrease in negative thoughts, feelings and behaviors toward an offender and perhaps, over time, a gradual increase in more positive thoughts, feelings and sometimes even behaviors toward an offender can occur [ 1 , 10 ]. Women with more complicated issues and past abuse experiences could be referred to a mental health professional with expertise in Forgiveness Therapy. Previous research on forgiveness illustrates that forgiveness is effective in improving physical as well as mental health [ 24 , 25 ]. Once the experimental participant had completed her individual intervention, she and her matched control participant were given the dependent measures and then the yoked control participant began the intervention and followed the same procedure as the original experimental participant. Forgiveness is something the injured can do on her own without any response from the abuser. Results illustrated that Forgiveness Therapy participants demonstrated a statistically significantly greater increase in forgiving the former abusive partner, in self-esteem, in environmental mastery, and in finding meaning in suffering and illustrated a statistically significantly greater reduction in trait anxiety, in depression, and in post-traumatic stress symptoms compared to the participants in the control group who experienced the alternative treatment. J Women's Health Care 6: Forgiveness Therapy allows women who have been abused to choose a moral response to injustice and deep hurt which is both empowering and effective in decreasing the negative psychological outcomes of emotional abuse as one is validated for their anger and other negative feelings and then helped to move beyond them [ 6 ]. Ten pairs were formed from the 20 participants and matched as closely as possible on age, duration of abusive relationship, and time since permanent separation or divorce. By our providing more information about Forgiveness Therapy and the forgiveness process in this article, it is our hope that professionals in the mental health field both recognize and use forgiveness as an effective form of therapy for female survivors of abuse. In addition, experimental participants were assessed again when their matched control participant completed the intervention and they had maintained their change patterns on all dependent scales illustrating that there was no washout effect months post-intervention. Reasons to be cautious about the use of forgiveness in psychotherapy. Sessions occurred once weekly for one hour with the same intervener. J Consult ClinPsychol Forgiveness Therapy allows women who have been abused to choose a moral response to injustice and deep hurt which is both empowering and effective in decreasing the negative psychological outcomes of emotional abuse as one is validated for their anger and other negative feelings and then helped to move beyond them [ 6 ]. To show the effectiveness of this approach, the participants not only improved in psychological depression but also that depression was reduced to normal levels which were maintained 14 months after treatment ended. In contrast to such criticisms, research on forgiveness therapy illustrates that a self-chosen decision to forgive a perpetrator can be effective in restoring positive psychological health for women who have experienced past abuse [ 3 - 6 ]. At the time of this study, the model included 17 units rather than
Video about educating empathy for sex offenders:
Miami's camp for convicted sex offenders
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